Keywords: Mazars, Thailand, Legal, Foreign Business Division, Foreign Business Act, DBD
26 April 2016
Contract revenue shall comprise:
(a) the initial amount of revenue agreed on in the contract; and
(b) variations in contract work, claims, and incentive payments:
(i) to the extent that it is probable that they will result in revenue; and
(ii) to the extent that they are capable of being reliably measured.
Contract costs shall comprise:
(a) costs that relate directly to the specific contract;
(b) costs that are attributable to contract activity in general, and that can be allocated to the contract; and
(c) such other costs as are specifically chargeable to the customer under the terms of the contract.
Recognition of contract revenue and expenses
When the outcome of a construction contract can be estimated reliably, contract revenue and contract costs associated with the construction contract shall be recognized as revenue and expenses, respectively, by referring to the stage of completion of the contract activity at the end of the reporting period. An expected loss on the construction contract shall be recognized as an expense immediately when it is probable that total contract costs will exceed total contract revenue.
In the case of a fixed price contract, the outcome of a construction contract can be estimated reliably when all the following conditions are met:
(a) total contract revenue can be measured reliably;
(b) it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the contract will flow to the entity;
(c) both the contract costs to complete the contract and the stage of contract completion at the end of the reporting period can be measured reliably; and
(d) the contract costs attributable to the contract can be clearly identified and measured reliably, so that actual contract costs incurred can be compared with prior estimates.
This section takes a look at how a construction contract should be accounted for.
On 1 January 2014, Company Z entered into a contract with ABC Limited to construct a sports club. The total revenue from the contract is estimated at THB 1.25 million. Company Z will take 3 years to construct the club.
The contract states that, although progress billings will be made at the end of the year, ABC Limited only has to settle the invoices when the contract is 100% complete.
Progress billings are invoiced at the end of the year to reflect the stage of completion of the contract. A summary of a progress billing invoice, the percentage of completion, and estimated costs incurred by Company Z are set out below:
How should this construction contract be accounted for in the financial statements?
At the end of the period from 2014 through 2016, the accounting will be as set out below: