Keywords: Mazars, Thailand, Accounting, Mobile, Application
4 September 2023
The management of Company A believes that implementing this mobile application will help it increase income by 25% over the next five years.
Company A had the following internal expenses for this project:
How should Company A recognize and amortize these costs?
Paragraphs 11.1, 11.2, 11.14, 11.16 of the TFRS for NPAEs (revised 2022) related to internally generated intangible assets state the following:
- Internally generated intangible assets shall not be recognized as intangible assets. Such expenditures shall be recognized as expenses in the income statements of the periods in which they are incurred unless such internally generated intangible assets meet the criteria for recognition.
- To assess whether an internally generated intangible asset meets the criteria for recognition, an entity classifies the generation of the asset into two phases:
- a research phase; or
- a development phase.
Research is an original and planned investigation undertaken with the prospect of gaining new scientific or technical knowledge and understanding.
Development is the application of research findings or other knowledge to a plan and design for the production of new or substantially improved materials, devices, products, processes, systems, or services before the start of commercial production or use.
No intangible asset arising from research or from the research phase of an internal project shall be recognized. Expenditures on research or on the research phase of an internal project must be recognized as expenses when they are incurred.
An intangible asset arising from development (or from the development phase of an internal project) may be recognized as an internally generated intangible asset only if the entity can demonstrate:
- the technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale;
- its intention to complete the intangible asset and use or sell it;
- its ability to use or sell the intangible asset;
- how the intangible asset will generate probable future economic benefits;
- the availability of adequate technical, financial, and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the intangible asset; and
- its ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during its development.
As noted above, Company A should recognize the costs as follows:
Amortization must be calculated based on the useful life of the mobile application (five years) and its ability to generate income for the Company, as determined by the management.
Reference: TFRS for NPAEs (revised 2022) www.tfac.or.th