Value added tax (‘VAT’) is a tax on the sale of goods or the provision of services. The current rates are 7% and 0% with some exemptions from VAT.
Keywords: Mazars, Thailand, Tax, VAT, Revenue Department
20 January 2021
VAT paid (‘input VAT’) is offset against the VAT charged on sales (‘output VAT’). Should input VAT exceed output VAT then a refund can be claimed from the Revenue Department. This is either in cash or as a credit against future output VAT.
A tax payer that has only zero-rated income will have the option to reclaim the input VAT.
Registration requires the submission of the VAT 01 form before commencing business or within 30 days after income exceeds the threshold of at least 1.8m Baht per annum.
The invoice must, as a minimum, contain at least the following:
- The words “tax invoice” in a prominent place;
- The name, address and taxpayer identification number of the VAT registrant issuing the tax invoice;
- The name and address of the purchaser of the goods or service;
- Serial number of tax invoice;
- Description, type, category, quantity and value of goods or services;
- The amount of VAT calculated on the value of goods or services clearly separated from the value of goods or services;
- The date of issuance;
- Tax identification number of the purchaser of the goods or services;
- The wording “Head Office” or “Branch No. …” which is the seller’s place of business from which such tax invoice, debit or credit note is issued; and
- The wording “Head Office” or “Branch No. ….” which is the purchaser’s place of business to which such goods or services are sold or provided.
Invoices raised in currencies other than Thai Baht require the presentation of both currencies on the face of the invoice and must indicate the exchange rate used in the conversion. It is the amount in Thai Baht which is reported to the Revenue Department.
Provision of services
Generally, an invoice is issued to request for payment of the service and then a tax invoice is issued on receipt of payment, which is the tax point for VAT purposes.
Imports and exports
The export of both goods and services rendered in Thailand but wholly consumed overseas have a VAT rate of 0%.
When importing goods, VAT is due and payable to the Customs Department during the import process. From 1 March 2020, the import of goods to be used for treatment, prevention and research and development of Covid-19 are exempt from VAT.
When payments are made overseas for services provided, this would be regarded as an import of services and VAT would apply on a reverse charge basis. Accordingly, the recipient of the service would be required to make a voluntary payment to the Revenue Department along with the filing of VAT return form PP 36.
Some common VAT rates and exemptions:
Submission to the Revenue Department
The VAT returns, known as a PP 36 and a PP 30, are submitted to the Revenue Department (‘RD’) on or before the 7th and 15th day respectively of the following month in which the payment was made and the tax invoice was raised. E.g. a tax invoice dated 25th July 2018 will be included on the VAT return submitted to the RD by the 15th August 2018.
The Revenue Department has announced that companies registered for e-filing have an extra eight days to file all tax returns. This incentive will run until 31 January 2024.
- PP 36 to be filed on or before 15th of the month
- PP 30 to be filed on or before 23rd of the month
The fine for late submission is:
- 300 baht within the first 7 days
- 500 baht after 7 days
The penalty for late submission is up to twice the amount of tax due that month. There is also a surcharge of 1.5 percent of the tax payable per month.
Further sources of information
The Revenue Department website: